Can someone please help me write responses/thoughts to the below two answers?
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While the great Thomas Robert Malthus had some great ideas regarding subsistence, how could he ever predict global warming? I think global warming throws a HUGE wrench into his 18th century ideas and theories. In earnest, I think Malthus was trying to convince populations to avoid being fearful of losing food. As a reverend, he also seemed to provide his followers with as positive a message as he could provide.
Human ingenuity will only take us so far, but human greed and selfishness will always force fairness out of its way in order to rear its ugly head.
As for fertility rates, the man int he video very eloquently explained the fertility rate’s importance: governments need to plan ahead to ensure they are providing the best schools and amenities for children who are being born in their respective countries. I would think this number is much more indicative of future planning rather than the crude birth rate. Only so many women are of child-bearing age. Using the entire population, as he did with a country like Hungary, can prove the crude birth rate can be rather misleading. Hungary bears only 10 children per one thousand residents when using the crude birth rate formula. When I initially saw this, I figured this number was due to high instances of infant mortality, but then realized the country was likely just very small. Since he is dividing the population against the number of births, this number can be low.
In Japan where I live something shocking is happening, even for one of the most developed countries in the world, the birth rate is shrinking at a rapid rate. There are studies upon studies about this phenomenon. What is transpiring is that Japanese people are no longer craving the same intimacy as their parents, leaving their replacement rates at historically low levels. This leads to the next question about crude mortality rates, which are calculated in nearly the same way as crude birth rates.
If you were to take the crude mortality rate and place this against the dropping birth rates of a specific country, then the older generations of the populous will become much more stir crazy about continuing the legacy of a country, family, or lineage. What we find though about the mortality rate is that the number continues to drop. This dropping bodes well for a country because it means the people are living longer. It is one of the main reasons or world population sits at 1.6 Billion people now.
Haub describes demography as “destiny”. I think this is a very interesting way to look at the demographics of a certain location. When studying demography, or the science of demographics and populations, you could almost look at a specific country’s population and see a destiny playing out. There is the design of poor health care and what transpires to countries who do not take care of their citizens. There is the destiny of countries who work very hard to plan around their birth rates to appropriately educate their children. Nearly everything you need to know about the living conditions of a specific country can be quantified and culled from those numbers.