ROA and Residual Income
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Zang is a president of the Wilson Division of Performance Technologies, a
multinational conglomerate. Zang
managers $100 million of assets and is currently generating earnings before
interest (EBI) of $12 million. The
corporate office of Performance Technologies has determined that Wilson’s
existing assets have a risk adjusted cost of capital of 11%. All division presidents (including Zang) are
rewarded based on their individual division’s ROA. If Zang is able to increase the Wilson Division’s
current ROA, she can earn a substantial bonus whereby the larger the increase
in the division’s ROA, the larger is Zang’s bonus. Performance Technology computes ROA as EBI
divided by total assets.
Zang is considering two new investment opportunities: Project A and Project
B. She can accept one or the other, or
both or neither. Each project, A and B,
has a risk profile that differs from that of her existing portfolio of
assets. Project A (with a risk-adjusted
cost of capital of 15%) requires her purchasing new assets for $25 million that
will generate EBI of $3.5 million.
Project B (with a risk-adjusted cost of capital at 9%) requires her
purchasing new assets for $30 million that will generate EBI of $3 million.
there are no synergies between Wilson’s existing assets and either project A
and B and there are no synergies between project A and project B.
Assuming that Zang is rewarded based on
improving the ROA of the Wilson Division, will she accept or reject profits of A
and B? Support your answer with detailed computations.
Instead of basing divisional managers’ bonuses
on ROA, Performance Technologies switches to residual income as the methodology
used to measure divisional performance and rewarded divisional managers,
including Ms. Zang. Assuming that Zang
is rewarded based on improving the residual income of the Wilson Division, what
decision(s) will she make regarding accepting or rejecting projects A and B?
Support your answer with detailed computations.
Discuss why your answers differ or are the same
in parts (a) and (b).
Should Performance Technologies use ROA or
residual income to evaluate and reward division mangers? Justify your recommendation with sound