Identity Development in Adolescence

James Marcia extended Erikson’s work on identity crisis with the concepts of identity diffusion, identity foreclosure, identity moratorium, and identity achievement.
To complete this discussion, apply one or more of these concepts to an area of life challenge, such as choosing a college major or career, or participating in significant relationships.
Describe the life challenge.
Describe one or more of Marcia’s concepts.
How does this concept explain or apply to the life challenge?
How is culture or ethnicity important to adolescent identity development?
Does culture and ethnicity have an effect on this area of life challenge?

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A great deal of current research focuses on understanding adolescent cognitive development and driving behaviors. Teenagers, ages 16 to 19, have the highest vehicle accident rates of any age group (State of California, Department of Motor Vehicles, 2011), and car crashes are the leading cause of adolescent deaths (CDC, 2010).
For this discussion, respond to the following prompts:
What are some sociocultural and cognitive factors, besides lack of skill, that may play a role in teenagers’ risk-taking while driving? Be sure to read the articles before responding.
What factors contribute to an adolescent’s readiness to drive?
What are your recommendations, based on what you have learned (and your own observations), for an age when teenagers should be legally allowed to drive?
Support your statements and recommendations with concepts from developmental theory and information from scholarly or other professional sources.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). Fatal teen crashes: The reality.
Retrieved from…
State of California, Department of Motor Vehicles. (2011). Teenage drive crash statistics.
Retrieved from

Young adulthood is a time of stabilizing one’s identity and establishing oneself outside of the family as the individual seeks meaningful and long-lasting friend and couple relationships.
To complete this discussion:
Identify activities that are helpful for young adults in developing close personal friendships and partnerships outside of family relationships.
Explain how you, as a developing professional, would encourage young adults who felt isolated, lonely, or unsure of themselves.