Discuss how utilitarians
balance pleasure and pain. Using both Rachels’ work and the article on pleasure,
determine whether all pleasures and suffering are equally weighted, or some
pleasures and sufferings weigh more than others.
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In each discussion forum, the object is to increase
understanding of many different ethical views. Keep in mind the Principle of Charity. We have a responsibility to be open to new ideas about
ethics here, just as you each have a responsibility to be open to your patients’
views. This openness includes the new theories introduced each week and the
participants’ views expressed in the forum. Seek to understand a view or concept
before criticizing it. If your understanding is incomplete, ask respectful
questions targeted at the ideas, and not the person expressing them. Answer
questions honestly and with respect. We also have a responsibility to express
our own views in such a way that invites discussion. Avoid stereotypes and
labelling groups or people, discussing ideas respectfully without use of
irrelevant information about the arguer. Avoidance of the ad hominem fallacy is
crucial to ethical discussion.
Incorporate at least one piece
of support from this week’s reading assignment(s), cited and referenced Using
Reference your sources at the
bottom of your post.
This post must be 250-350
words. Neither the quotation, nor references count toward the word
Readings and Required
- Rachels, J. & Rachels, S. (2015). The elements of moral philosophy (8th
ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education. — Chapter 7 (pp. 99-110) and
Chapter 8 (pp. 111-125)
- Purtilo, R. B. & Doherty, R. F. (2011). Ethical dimensions in the health
professions (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders. — Chapter 4,
Paying Attention to Outcomes on p. 92, “Utilitarianism” on p. 92, “Duties,
Consequences and a Caring Response” on p. 93