Critical Thinking and Application, writing homework help

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Critical Thinking Paper Help Sheet


This handout is designed to help you understand what I am looking for
in the critical thinking papers so you have the best chance of success.

  1.   Make sure you PICK ONE OF THE TWO CASES I HAVE GIVEN YOU TO CHOOSE FROM.
  2.   Make sure your paper meets the minimum word requirement. THE MINIMUM WORD REQUIREMENT IS 1,500 WORDS. The maximum word limit is 3,000 words. You cannot pass this course if you do not turn in a paper which meets the minimum word requirement. If you fail to turn it in you will fail this course.
  3.   Turn it in on time. There is a late penalty of 10% per day.
  4.   Realize that 10% of the paper’s grade will be based on writing skills.
  5.   Do not work on this with other students or share ideas with
    each other as this is a violation of the academic honesty policy at St.
    Petersburg College and results in severe consequences.
  6.   Divide your paper into the sections listed below AND LABEL EACH SECTION as in the sample paper. Do not think of this as a long flowing essay. It is divided into sections.
    Some sections are better suited for lists or charts, while others are
    better as paragraphs. You should follow the format and number each
    section.

  Use the sections below in your paper so you do
not have to worry about formatting the CTAP correctly. The sections
below are numbered for you. Use               these and number the
sections in the paper.

  1.   Identification

 The central issue has been given to you. Find at least five other
ethical issues in the case. Be sure to distinguish the central ethical
issue from the others.

  1.   Research

 Find 3-5 appropriate sources (at least 3), and summarize their
relevance to the central ethical issue. At least 1 source should be from
a scholarly journal. Example format for the first two sources is below:

  1. Source 1 _________________: List the name of the article at the
    start of the paragraph. You will also need to provide the citation for
    the article in MLA format at the end of the paper.

Then give the important information and facts from what you read and
explain why these facts are relevant to the main moral issue in the
case.

  1. Source 2 _________________: List the name of the article at the
    start of the paragraph. You will also need to provide the citation for
    the article in MLA format at the end of the paper.

Then give the important information and facts from what you read and
explain why these facts are relevant to the main moral issue in the
case.

III.   Analysis

This section involves a comparison of stakeholders and options. PLEASE NOTE:

You MUST have at least FOUR STAKEHOLDERS and FOUR OPTIONS for this section.

Stakeholders

Options

Option #1

Option #2

Option #3

Option #4

Stakeholder #1

What happens to stakeholder #1 if the decision-maker(s) choose option #1

What happens to stakeholder #1 the decision-maker chooses Option #2

What happens to stakeholder #1 if the decision-maker chooses Option #3

What happens to stakeholder #1 if the decision-maker chooses Option #4

Stakeholder #2

What happens to stakeholder #2 if the decision-maker chooses Option #1

What happens to stakeholder #2 if the decision-maker chooses Option #2

What happens to stakeholder #2 if the decision-maker chooses Option #3

What happens to stakeholder #2 if the decision-maker chooses Option #4

Stakeholder #3

What happens to stakeholder #3 if the decision-maker chooses Option #1

What happens to stakeholder #3 if the decision-maker chooses Option #2

What happens to stakeholder #3 if the decision-maker chooses Option #3

What happens to stakeholder #3 if the decision-maker chooses Option #4

Stakeholder #4

What happens to stakeholder #4 if the decision-maker chooses Option #1

What happens to stakeholder #4 if the decision-maker chooses Option #2

What happens to stakeholder #4 if the decision-maker chooses Option #3

What happens to stakeholder #4 if the decision-maker chooses Option #4

The chart above is a model of how you could complete this section. Provide more detail in paragraph(s) below the chart.

 IV. Application: You must do BOTH sections, a consequential and a NonConsequential theory

  1. Application of a Consequential Theory –

1a. Choose Act or Rule Utilitarianism (you may not use Egoism) and first explain the key components of the theory you chose. Make sure to include key terms, concepts, and ideas central to the theory.

1b. Then, using the theory you chose in part 1a apply the key terms, concepts and ideas to the case and explain what this theory would say is the right decision.  You will need to come to a well-supported, clear decision based on the theory you chose above.

Remember, the Application section is very important to the paper, don’t skimp on it.

  1. Application of a Non-Consequential Ethical Theory –

 2a. Choose Virtue Ethics, Kantian Deontology, or Contractarianism (you may not use Natural Law or Natural Rights) and first explain the key components of the theory you chose. Make sure to include key terms, concepts, and ideas central to the theory.

1b. Then, using the theory you chose in part 2a apply the key terms, concepts and ideas to the case and explain what this theory would say is the right decision. You will need to come to a well-supported, clear decision based on the theory you chose above.

Remember, the Application section is very important to the paper, don’t skimp on it.

  1.   Decision Making

 Choose the wisest, most ethical option and justify your decision.  This is NOT an opinion. Using your research, analysis of the options and stakeholders and your application
of the ethical theory, laws and rules, select and defend the morally
right (or most ethical) resolution to the central ethical issue. Using facts and relevant evidence from your research and analysis, thoroughly explain why you decided this is the best solution. This section should be the culmination of your work in preceding sections.

  1.   Evaluation:  Identify arguments against, or objections to, your decision from Part V and defend against them.
  1. List a possible argument against your decision in Part V – Now what
    would your counterargument (or response) be? Your counterargument should
    be 3-5 sentences.
  1. List a possible argument against your decision in Part V – Now what
    would your counterargument (or response) be? Your counterargument should
    be 3-5 sentences.
  1. List a possible argument against your decision in Part V – Now what
    would your counterargument (or response) be? Your counterargument should
    be 3-5 sentences..

Citation Help (click here)

The Citation Machine will create American Psychological Association (APA) and Modern Language Association (MLA)
citations for print and electronic sources. The program also offers an
example of how the parenthetical will look within the text of your
research paper. This website was created by David Warlick of the
Landmark Project in October of 2000.

Case :

Puppy Livestock

In the months preceding Bo Obama’s tenure as first dog, a fierce
debate raged across the country about what sort of dog the President’s
family should adopt.  Malia Obama’s dog allergy made the selection of a
family pet more difficult because they knew there were breeds available
that produced less dander, but adopting a purebred pup went against some
of their ethical beliefs.  And the first family is not the only group
concerned about the ethics of adopting purebred dogs. 

Dr. JD Dorian, a veterinarian in Bunker, Missouri, faces an analogous
problem.  Dr. Dorian’s young daughter Symphony is at the age where she
wants a puppy of her own; the doctor has to this point resisted getting a
dog because “he has hundreds of animals to care for already”.  However,
he promised Symphony that she could have a puppy if she managed to make
straight A’s in school for two semesters.  His ability to keep this
promise is limited by the fact that Symphony, like Malia Obama, is
allergic to certain breeds’ dander.  On principle, Doctor Dorian would
prefer to adopt a puppy from the Humane Society, but none of the current
candidates are purebred or breeds that wouldn’t aggravate Symphony’s
allergies. 

Many groups, like The Humane Society of America, advocate the
adoption of shelter pets rather than purebred puppies, as they need
homes, are less expensive, and do not come from a system of forced
breeding that occurs in “puppy mills.”  In response to perceived abuses
in puppy mills, Missouri has sought to limit the practice of producing
purebred pups in bulk.  In Missouri last fall, the state voted for
“Proposition B,” which limits the number of dogs within each breeding
facility, in addition to other regulations.  Opponents of the bill
distrust the regulation, and believe that it may indicate a movement
toward increasing control of agriculture beyond dog breeding. The Humane
Society of America and other proponents believe the regulations are
long overdue, and represent minimum standards that good breeders will
want to adopt for the welfare of their animals and business.

The vote was primarily split along urban-rural lines—with the
urbanites voting to regulate raising puppies and dogs, and rural voters
opposing state government intervention in “agricultural matters.” 
Raising dogs for many Missourians is an income, no different than
raising other livestock, and they have an incentive to keep the dogs
healthy if they’re going to sell them to pet stores. Missouri supplied,
by some estimates, 40% of puppies and dogs to be sold in pet stores
nationally. Further, many farmers and ranchers see Prop B as advocating
an extreme version of animal rights that would require anyone raising
livestock to take extreme measures for the welfare of their herds,
essentially imposing hard-line vegan standards on unwilling breeders. 
Lastly, some argue that Prop B might actually lead to greater cruelty to
many animals. Because the law prevents animals in overcrowded
facilities from staying with their current owners, it would force many
breeders to dispose of otherwise healthy animals by euthanasia or other
means.

Supporters of Prop B argue that Missouri’s status as the dog-breeding
capital of the country comes from its lax regulations, and that these
lax regulations lead to horribly inhumane treatment of animals known
first and foremost as “man’s best friends.”  Though the measure passed,
the debate goes on as Missouri’s state government passes bills to limit
the impact of the Proposition.

What should Dr. Dorian do?