community assessment 5

Assignment:

Your submission should be a minimum of 2000 words (maximum 2500 words) in length and should completely answer the proposed questions as listed under “Define the community.” You should have a minimum of three (3) references.

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APA formatting required and all responses should be combined into a single document for submission. Use the rubric as a guide for the evaluation method of the project. The practice experience project hour log, describing the 20-30 hours (2-4 hours in Module 2, 10-14 hours in Module 7, and 8-12 hours in Module 8), must be submitted separately with your essay.

The Signature Assignment will be worth 500 points

Module 8: Community Assessment (continued)In this module, you will complete the Community Assessment. Please ensure that you view the entire Module 8’s overview.I am posting highlights below.

Defining the CommunityYour community can be a pediatric, adolescence, young adults, adult, elderly or a combination.

Assessment

After the community has been defined, the next phase is assessment.

Data Gathering (collecting information that already exists).

Demographics of the Community

When demographic data are collected, it is useful to collect data from a variety of levels so comparisons can be made.

If the population that is being assessed is located within a specific setting, it may be best to contact that agency to retrieve specific information about that population.

The following resources provide a broad overview of the demographics of a city, county, or state:

American Fact Finder—Find population, housing, and economic and geographic data for your city based on U.S. Census data

State and County Quick Facts—Easy access to facts about people, business, and geography, based on U.S. Census data

Obtain information about a specific city or county on these useful websites www.epodunk.com and www.city-data.com

Information from Government Agencies

Healthy People 2020—this resource is published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It identifies health improvement goals and objectives for the country to be reached by the year 2020

National Center for Health Statistics—this agency is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; this website provides statistical information about the health of Americans

National Vital Statistics System

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)—The CDC website contains a large amount of information related to the health of the American population. The search engine within this website can be used to find relevant information

Federal agencies with statistical programs

Every state in the United States has its own specific health improvement plan and goals that are based on the Healthy People 2020 document. This information may be available on the state health department website.

State and local health departments provide information related to vital statistics for the community.

Other Data Sources

America’s Health Rankings—this website provides information about various health indicators for each state: https://www.americashealthrankings.org/

Other relevant data sources may be found by conducting an Internet search related to the topic that is being examined through the community assessment.

After data are collected from various sources, it is important to review the information and to identify assets and areas for improvement in the community by comparing local data (if available) versus state and national data.

Data Generation (data are developed that do not already exist):

Windshield Surveys

With the use of public transportation or by driving a vehicle around the community, one can observe common characteristics of the community.

Participant Observation

Spend time observing the population that is being assessed. Through observation of interactions among group members, much can be learned about the community, including the following:

Informant Interviews

Informants could be people who are familiar with and interact with the population on a regular basis.

Focus Groups

Focus groups (usually small groups of 6-12 people) can be helpful when one is gathering information about specific areas of concern within the population. Use of a focus group involves open dialogue about the population, whereas an interview or survey yields only individual responses.

Surveys

Surveys may be used to collect data from the community. You will select a sample of the target population.