abstract/ annotated Bibliography

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Paper: Abstract/ Annotated Bibliography Instructions


abstract is a 1-paragraph summary of the paper that does not exceed
250 words. Do not indent the first line in abstracts and do not
include citations. The abstract must be flush with the left margin
and double-spaced.



students often struggle with learning how to write in APA format. One
of the best ways to learn APA format is to seek assistance from
university writing centers. This study examined the improvement in
writing exhibited by a sample of one hundred students in a graduate
writing course. Fifty students relied on “self-taught” APA format
resources provided by the university and fifty students received
assistance from the university writing center. The students receiving
assistance from the writing center made 25% fewer errors on the exit
essay than the group using only the “self-taught” resources. The
results indicate that university writing centers can be more helpful
in learning APA format than relying on “self-taught” resources.


annotated bibliography is a collection of a minimum of 10
one-paragraph summaries of research articles that you intend to use
in the final paper. The articles must be current or dated within the
past 10 years. The ability to use resources older than 10 years is
left to the discretion of the instructor.

Do not paste the
article abstract in the paper. Annotations must be your own summary
of the article. The summary must include the findings of research
that was included in the article. Do not simply say the authors
conducted a study without providing as summary of the findings.

The annotations
include the full current APA-formatted citations of the source, and
the annotations are listed in alphabetical order based on the first
author’s last name. The assignment must include a title page in
current APA format.


Grice, R. (2011).
The value of university writing centers. Journal of Counseling,
23(1), 56–58.

University writing
centers can be very helpful in learning APA format. Grice found in a
study of 100 graduate students in a graduate-level writing course
that those receiving assistance from the university writing center
demonstrated marked improvement by reducing errors by 25% in
comparison to the “self-taught” group. The author concludes that
university writing centers can be very helpful to graduate students.


1. Include a current
APA-formatted title page with all of the required components.

2. List the
annotations in alphabetical order according to the first author’s
last name.

3. All sources must be from academic and peer-reviewed journals or
books such as the course resources.

4. Resources must be
dated within the past 10 years unless permission to use older
resources is given by the instructor.